wineyard of gaillac
Altough Gaillac was founded in 972 the vineyard that bears his name was planted in the first century BC by the Romans. Each new wine harvest gave credentials to the land. Vineyard and terroir became intrinsically linked.
From the 9th century the monks of the Benedictine abbey of Saint Michel at Gaillac have perfected them know-how so much so the wine was appreciated on all the good tables.
The vineyard was really established in 7th century thanks to the Gaillac, Lisle and Rabastens consuls, who creates the first charters defining quality standards to be used : grape variety, wood essence for the barrels, harvests date…
During this period the port of Gaillac flourish and the wine is exported all over France and neighbouring countries.
After the Phylloxera crisis, at the end of 19th century, new standards increase the value of the wine : definition of the AOC geographical area in 1922, white AOC in 1938 and red AOC in 1970.
The Gaillac is actually more than a well-know wine. It also reflects the rich and true culture of the Midi-Toulousain and the French south west art de vivre.
- Mauzac is a traditionnal variety of the Gaillacois, who results in sweet and slightly sour wines.
- Loin de l’œil is a very old variety you can find only around Gaillac. The name comes from Len de l’el provided by the local dialect Occitan. The cluster comes with very long stalk, that’s explain why the grape is placed away from the eye that initially form it. The wine’s taste is very subtle with floral tones.
- Muscadelle results in soft, heady, sourness and slightly aromatic wines (acacia, honeysuckle…)
- Sauvignon results in dry an aromatic white wines
- Duras is one of the oldest variety of Gaillac. It can be recognized by sipcy aromatic wine.
- Braucol, also known as Fer Servadou, results in full-bodied wines with red fruits flavors.
- Prunelard is used for wines with deep ruby color, and a strong bouquet of black fruits.
- Syrah should be fine-tuned to get a full-bodied wine with complex aromas.
- Gamay is the only variety who can be used to produce the Gaillac Primeur.